Vincent is the Deputy Head of Tax Practice at ZICO Insights Law LLC. His legal practice spans the full range of contentious and advisory tax matters, covering Income Tax (Personal and Corporate), Goods and Services Tax, Stamp Duties, International Tax, International Tax Arbitration, Property Tax, Tax Offences and Gaming Taxes. He has experience representing clients in negotiations with IRAS and has appeared before the Income Tax Board of Review, Goods and Services Tax Board of Review, and Valuation Review Board.

Vincent may be contacted at vincent.ooi@zicolaw.com.

Some non-exhaustive examples of cases which he is able to advise on include:

Personal Income Tax
• Representing and advising taxpayers on cases involving the taxability of gains from the disposal of assets.  Assets include residential properties, commercial properties, shares and cryptoassets.
• Determination of whether gains are in the nature of trade or business income (s 10(1)(a)), “all other income” (s 10(1)(g)) or capital gains. 

• Representing and advising taxpayers on the taxability of remuneration received in the context of employment, including shares, options, bonuses, termination payments, etc… 
• Clients include founders of companies, key appointment holders, and high net worth individuals, based in Singapore or overseas. 

• Representing and advising taxpayers on the taxability of fees paid under a contract of sale of a business (whether capital gains or employment income).

Corporate Income Tax
• Representing and advising taxpayers on similar issues as listed in Personal Income Tax above, but from the perspective of companies. 
• Many of the issues concerning the taxability of receipts on the part of an individual are mirrored on the part of a company in the form of the deductibility of such payments. 

• Representing and advising taxpayers on capital allowances claims, dealing with issues such as whether such expenses are made to purchase plant or machinery, eligibility for bonus or accelerated capital allowance claims, and balancing charge adjustments.
• Representing and advising taxpayers on similar claims for investments into intellectual property and R&D, including domestic and international structuring to benefit from the relevant incentives. 

• Representing and advising taxpayers on deductions of interest payments and other related borrowing costs (tax issues relating to corporate finance). 
• Often structuring such arrangements will require a consideration of the relevant withholding tax provisions and other cross-border tax issues. 

Goods and Services Tax
• Representing and advising taxpayers on input tax claims, zero-rating, exempt supplies and qualifying for special schemes such as the Gross Margin Scheme.
• Many cases involve convincing (or pre-transaction planning to ensure) the Revenue authorities that all the necessary factual and legal requirements have been met under the statute for the necessary claims or exemptions. 

• Representing and advising taxpayers on rarer cases involving the taxpayer being a GST Collection Agent or where the taxpayer has been declared by the Comptroller as an agent for another person under section 79 of the Goods and Services Tax Act (very different uses of the term “agent”). 

• Representing and advising taxpayers in “Missing Trader Fraud” cases, where input tax claims are denied due to fraud or suspected fraud somewhere along the chain of supply. 

Stamp Duties
• Representing and advising taxpayers on stamp duties remissions and relief applications.
• Have worked with several property developers in attempting to get remission of ABSD, including requests for extending the relevant deadlines. 
• Other applications include those for stamp duty reliefs for mergers and acquisitions and company amalgamations. 

• Advice on structuring transactions to minimise unnecessary stamp duty payments, particular in the case of property developments.
• Cases include advising on the Additional Conveyance Duties implications, which can arise in sometimes unexpected ways. 

• Representing and advising taxpayers on stamp duty implications of properties received by inheritance, where proper planning can greatly reduce the need to pay additional duties to re-transfer the properties amongst the beneficiaries. 

Property Tax
• Representing and advising taxpayers on valuation and other legal issues, such as whether certain structures are properties taxable under the Property Tax Act, the application of the rebus sic stantibus principle and statutory formula, and the back-collection of property tax.

International Tax
• Representing and advising taxpayers on international tax structuring issues (particularly within Asia, where transactions involve jurisdictions such as Japan, Indonesia, Thailand, etc…).
• Many such cases involve working with tax and legal counsel from various jurisdictions and jointly working out an arrangement that is tax efficient across all these jurisdictions.
• Advice on tax residential status in Singapore, obtaining a Certificate of Residence, and ensuring that tax treaty benefits are legitimately obtainable, are also common engagements. 

• Representing and advising taxpayers on Exchange of Information and other mandatory disclosure matters. 

Tax Offences
• Representing and advising taxpayers on cases involving potentially incorrect returns (incorrect returns (s 95(1), negligent returns (s 95(2)), tax evasion (s 96), serious fraudulent tax evasion (s 96A), and the equivalent offences for Productivity and Innovation Credit Claims under the Income Tax Act.

• Representing and advising taxpayers on cases involving potentially incorrect returns and tax evasion under the Goods and Services Tax Act.

• Representing and advising taxpayers on cases involving potential under-stamping, non-stamping or fraud under the Stamp Duties Act.

Funds and Private Wealth
• Advising taxpayers on bespoke private wealth planning and succession planning, utilising tools such as trusts, companies (including the Variable Capital Company), family offices and other appropriate tools. 
• Such work includes the drafting of trusts and will trusts, applications for the relevant funds incentives schemes (for example, ss 13X, 13R, 13CA and other schemes, depending on the circumstances).

• Advising taxpayers on the tax implications over the lifetime of a trust, from settling the trust, to investments and management by trustees, to distributions of income and capital to beneficiaries. 
• Elements of cross-border tax planning may also come into play, if the client has commercial or other ties with more than one jurisdiction. 

Digital Tokens (Including Cryptocurrencies)
• Representing and advising taxpayers on cases involving the whole range of potential tax issues relating to digital tokens, such as the income tax, goods and services tax, and stamp duties implications of: 1) creation (mining, forging, sale and purchase, airdrops, and forks); 2) transfer (exchange for goods and services, payment for employment, exchange for other tokens or fiat currency, and fraud); and 3) disposal (burning, loss, and redemption); across all three major types of digital tokens (payment, utility and security tokens).

Tax Avoidance by Professionals (Doctors and Dentists Cases)
• Representing and advising taxpayers on issues relating to the defensibility of corporate structures in the context of professional services such as medicine, dentistry, IT consultancies, real estate, accountancy and law. 
• Advice on whether the structures are defensible against the invocation of the general anti-avoidance rule in s 33 of the Income Tax Act. 
• Advice on whether the payments made to the professionals are defensible as being on an arm’s-length basis. 
• Advice on managing the tax risks that may arise from the use of such corporate structures. 

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